Bow Legs (Genu Varum) (for Parents)

What actually causes Bow Legged and knock knees? When discussing Bow Legged. The first thing that usually springs to mind is the distinctive bend or curve in the lens’ shape. While standing upright with the ankles of both feet touching. People with bow legs tend to find it virtually impossible to get their knees to touch. Bow legged is medically known as Genu Varum. And involves bent or curved shin bone and thigh bone, which results in curved legs.

BowlegsAll babies are born Bow Legged due to having been curled up in their mother’s womb for many months. Most of these babies grow out of it naturally. Of course, those who don’t lose their bow legs in the first 3 years of growth may end up living with it all their lives. This can become increasingly troublesome and can sometimes eventually lead to arthritis due to the damage caused by using joints that are continuously under strain.

It’s essential to understand what causes bow legs in the first place. Understanding the root cause behind your bow legs can certainly help when you’re deciding between treatment options for addressing the condition. Bow legs treatment can be caused by various factors, including vitamin D deficiency. Blount’s disease, poor nutrition, a history of broken bones. And fractures or even poisoning by lead or fluoride.

Dietary deficiencies

Children who don’t get enough exercise can quite often find themselves lacking vitamin D. This shouldn’t be overly surprising, as a lack of exercise will usually go hand in hand with the fact that a child isn’t getting enough exposure to outdoor activities. Playing for even ten minutes in the sun each day can allow a child to absorb their daily recommended quota of Vitamin D from the sun’s rays.

Vitamin D is essential for proper growth and particularly crucial for bone development. What’s more, when children play, especially outdoors, they tend to develop a relatively healthy appetite. This, in turn, will encourage them to eat healthy foods and enjoy the varied diet that is essential for proper physical growth and development.

= Looking for a Permanent Remedy for Bow Legs – Without the Need for Surgery? =

Accidents in childhood

No matter how carefully you look after your child or children, things aren’t always under your control, especially when dealing with toddlers. During the early years of their development. Children are bound to bump into things, fall down, and sometimes even get bruised. And cut while learning to walk and deal with their surroundings. Unfortunately, there are even times when things get out of hand, and a child can actually end up with a bone fracture.

If fractures aren’t correctly taken care of, the situation can sometimes prove more severe if the child develops, and the broken bone starts growing in the wrong direction and shape. If left unattended, a child can end up with opposite of bow legged  as an adult simply because a broken bone wasn’t treated properly!

Potential factors causing Bow Legged

Potential factors causing Bow Legged

You might be wondering why it’s so important to understand the actual causes of Bow Legged. Basically, this understanding can help you find the most effective treatment. Without a fair amount of knowledge about the condition, finding the best treatment method amongst all the potential remedies may be more challenging. In this respect, bow legs are like a good many other disorders. For example, we can understand the possible causes of arthritis and how the condition worsens, which means it can be treated with specific medication effectively. It’s the same with bow legged toddler. Indeed, the two conditions are often related.

Bow LeggedBow Legged is often a time-critical disorder, meaning it’s essential to find a treatment that works properly. For young children, an ineffective treatment option may cause their condition to worsen and become chronic or permanent. It’s also essential for adults to be treated as soon as possible, significantly if the situation is deteriorating and contributing to the development of more severe issues like arthritis. So, let’s discuss the different potential factors that can lead to bow legs.

Bone breaks and fractures

Sometimes, especially during accidents, bones may be subject to unusually high or sudden pressure, causing them to fracture or completely snap. If this happens and the fracture or break is not treated correctly, bow legged gait may sometimes result.


Rickets is actually quite a common cause of Bow Legged among adults. It’s caused a vitamin D deficiency, which can give rise to bow legs as a secondary disorder.

Tumor cells within bone tissue

At times, due to various predispositions, people may develop tumors within their bones. If these tumors happen to occur within the leg bones, they may lead to Bow Legged. Please note that such tumors can also be cancerous, and it’s always best to seek medical advice in any situation where you suspect a tumor is present.

Blount’s Disease

Blount’s Disease is a disease that interferes with average bone growth, especially the development of the shin bone. This may result in Bow Legged. Since all children are born with bow-shaped legs, it can be difficult for a doctor to discern whether or not a child has Blount’s Disease until he is past 3 years of age or an adult. The only way to detect Blount’s Disease is through a leg X-ray.

Brittle bones

This condition, called brittle bone disease, is also medically referred to as osteogenesis imperfecta. It is a genetic disorder found to weaken bones to such an extent that even small amounts of pressure can cause them to snap or fracture. It is not surprising that such a bone condition can also give rise to bow-legged causes.

Correcting Bow Legged in the young

Even for people who can walk comfortably and don’t suffer from Bow Legged, the condition itself can be worrying to think about. For those who do have bow legs, things can sometimes seem much worse, and this is especially the case for those who feel they don’t have anywhere turn for help and advice. This article aims to give you precisely the advice you need- so you can have a good idea of what bow legged benefits are all about, and so you can act accordingly and take the right steps in treating them.

Read Also : Back pain and Other Issues Caused by Bowed Legs

As the name suggests, Bow Legged is characterized by a distinctive and unusual bending of the legs in an outward direction. No matter how close they bring their feet together, people with bow legs will show an unusually large gap between the knees. As well as this, their legs will form an apparent and outward bow-shaped curve.

All children are born Bow Legged, and this is entirely normal. After being in their mother’s womb for several months, all crouched up and folded, it’s only natural that children are born with bow legs. Once a child starts walking and is exposed to adequate amounts of nutrition through food and exposure to sunlight, the condition will often wear off naturally.

By the time a child reaches around four years, his legs have usually been straightened completely through the average growth and development processes. However, in some cases, things don’t go this way, and a child might grow into an adult who suffers from bow legs as a permanent or chronic condition.

Factors contributing to Bow Legged

Knock KneesSometimes, people who retain bow legged athletes into adulthood are suffering from a dietary deficiency such as a lack of Vitamin D or a specific disorder such as Blount’s Disease. Lead or fluoride poisoning and Rickets are also potential factors that can cause bow legs.

Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common causes of bow legs. Vitamin D deficiency usually results from malnutrition and may sometimes be accompanied by a shortage of calcium and phosphorus, both of which are essential nutrients for proper growth and bone development.

Therefore, it’s only logical that a healthy and balanced diet can help prevent children from developing bow legs through malnutrition. Simultaneously, taking steps to avoid malnutrition should help prevent the condition from worsening in a child who is already suffering from Bow Legged. This makes it very important to have your child see a pediatrician regularly during their first four years so that he can ensure they aren’t suffering from a vitamin deficiency. In addition to making sure that your child has a balanced diet, it’s possible to reduce the risk of Vitamin D deficiency by exposing your growing child to at least ten minutes of sunlight each day and asking a doctor to prescribe the relevant dietary supplements.

Blount’s Disease is best detected during its early stages when your child is still developing and hasn’t crossed the age of four years or so. The reason is that braces, casts, and shoes used to treat Bow Legged are most effective when the bones are still growing and have a better chance of re-aligning themselves. If delayed beyond the growing years, the condition can become persistent or chronic. While it can always be treated in adulthood, it will require will and determination, a carefully formulated dietary supplementation regimen, and special physical training.

Techniques to correct Bow Legged in children

Bow Legged is quite a severe condition in which a child’s legs are bent, and this condition can sometimes be a little tricky to cure. Most doctors will tell you that Bow Legged can’t be straightened without surgery, but this is actually not entirely accurate. Bowlegs can be straightened, especially in children, and here are some ways to go about it.

Exercise, a healthy diet, and vitamin supplements

If your child is under three years old, their bow legs may straighten by themselves. You’ll need to observe your child carefully. Ensure that he’s getting a diet rich in protein and that contains plenty of vegetables. Above all, make sure your child is getting enough sunlight, as bow legs can quite often be the result of a Vitamin D deficiency. Try to ensure that your child is engaging in plenty of physical activities that involve them using their legs. Running, climbing, and skipping are all excellent activities. Take your child for long walks, go to a park, or throw a ball around- the keys are exercise, nutrition, sunlight. And adequate vitamin supplements.

Will this straighten my child’s Bow Legged?

If your child’s Bow Legged have occurred at an early age, indeed. Bowlegs isn’t natural, which means that a young child’s legs will generally straighten out on their own if they’re getting the right exercise and nutrition. Really, you should also consult your doctor to ensure that your child’s Bow Legged isn’t the result of a disease. And if they are, to ensure that the condition is treated while he or she is still young. And their bow legs even have a chance of straightening themselves. You’ll need to make time for engaging your child in physical activities. Preferably those that you can do out in the sunlight (Vitamin D deficiencies contribute to bow legs, remember?). These activities can definitely help to naturally straighten your child’s Bow Legged. And they should show marked improvement before ultimately straightening themselves entirely.

1. Medical braces

Medical braces are supports that can be strapped to the legs and slowly straighten them over time. These aren’t necessary for most children with bow legs; usually, the natural methods described above will be enough. In severe cases, however, such as when bow legged is the result of a disease such as Rickets. And/or your child is already around eight or ten years of age. The completely natural methods above may need to be supplemented with medical braces.

2. Don’t wait too long!

There’s a certain period before a person is fully grown. When their bones are still relatively flexible. It’s definitely best if their Bow Legged is straightened within this period. Once a person becomes an adult, Bow Legged can even be straightened. But it requires more time and patience than it would if you were treating a child. So if a child of around eight or ten years old is displaying the symptoms of bow legs. And a doctor recommends braces, do go in for them as soon as possible. This will give your child the best chance of leading an everyday and healthy life.

However, you must continue the natural treatments described above as they never stop being beneficial for a child with Bow Legged.

Read Also : A Natural Focus for Treating Bow Legs

Is Surgery the Only Way?

You might be surprised to hear that Bow Legged can be cured without surgical intervention. All you need are the right exercises to strengthen your leg muscles and make them more supportive. Doing these exercises can make real differences to your legs’ alignment in a way that’s immediately apparent. And over time, your Bow Legged can be almost completely straightened.

Straightening Bow Legged in children

Straightening bow legs is easiest in children because the ends of their bones aren’t sealed. And the bones themselves are more flexible. Therapeutic massages can be an excellent way to straighten bow legs in a child. And virtually any physical therapist will be trained in the necessary techniques. When you choose a massage, a therapist will manipulate your child’s legs forward. And back gently for a certain amount of time so that they carry out specific movements. As your child grows, treatment of this sort can help their legs straighten out gradually.

If you’d like to massage a child with bow legs yourself. A simple exercise involves laying your child on his back. And gently grasping a portion to fold and straighten it. Remember to be very gentle at all times! First, raise one of his legs, and gently move his knee upwards. So it comes close to his chest, then straighten the leg again- the movement is very similar to knee bends. Remember not to place undue pressure on his knee joint. This can be effective if done gently several times a day over an extended period for the best results.


Yoga is an excellent way to cure Bow Legged in adults. As the whole system is geared towards moving your body. While increasing your torso and limbs’ flexibility. A person with bow legs may have difficulty at first executing yoga poses. But yoga straps can be used to help you carry out the postures correctly. To start with, bind your legs with yoga straps. Doing this will helps your legs grow more robust and can also begin to correct their bow-shape. Now execute simple yoga poses. The forward bend is helpful, but so is the unique yoga push-up. A competent yoga instructor will help with useful yoga poses. And give advice that will help you straighten your Bow Legged.

Exercises to make the legs stronger

You’d be surprised at how much leg-strengthening exercises can help straighten bow legs in adults. While bow legs in youth may be caused by disease or malnutrition. The condition often persists over time due to incorrect posture. Exercises to strengthen the body, and especially the legs, can work wonders in correcting the situation. As your muscles grow stronger, your body will be placing less strain upon your leg joints. And this, in turn, will help to improve and correct bow legs. Many of the most helpful exercises are also very simple to do, and the following is a great example.

First, lie back on a bench in the gym, and hold a ten-pound weight with both of your feet. Now, bending your legs, drag the value towards your lower torso, then push it away again. Repeat this several times regularly, and after a little while. You should be able to see a marked straightening of your legs.